The central event of the Jubilee is a two-day international scientific conference “The suffering and humanism. Valjevo Hospital 1914-1915 ‘, which is open at the Cultural Centre Valjevo, in 18 hours, were addressed by Mr. Tomislav Nikolic, President of the Republic of Serbia.
President Nikolic pointed out that, at a time when there was no developed means of mass communication, in Valjevo arrived medical-medical missions in 12 countries in Europe and America and that never the humanity and goodness of the world is not so clearly seen as in this case. “Serbia will always be grateful epidemiologists and medical staff from England, Scotland, Belgium, the US, Russia, the Netherlands, France, who were invited by the Serbian government, published in” The Times “, came from Valjevo to fight a battle with the greatest plagues and epidemics. Among them were women, brave, courageous, those who are remembered as unselfishness and sacrifice what distinguishes only mothers, sisters, daughters “- said President Nikolic.
At the opening of the conference also spoke academician Vladimir Kostic, President of the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences Dr. Miroslav Perisic, Director of the Archives of Serbia.
Academician Vladimir Kostic pointed out that the Valjevo Hospital symbol of suffering and death of a nation and that there is a historical and civilizational gap of a tragic and bled generation that simultaneously suffer from diseases of the medieval arsenal of new and no less lethal technology of modern times. Academician Kostic said that he died of typhus almost half of Serbian doctors and medical staff, and that according to incomplete data in Serbia were then about 2,000 members of the medical mission and that the world is thus fulfilled a moral debt and supported the Serbian government and the military.
Dr Miroslav Perisic in his address stated: “Valjevo Hospital is another and a different history, there was never any before it, and even after it, in the First and later the Second World War. Therefore, it is different, because it is important for all countries and peoples, not only for the history of Serbia. On the one hand, it gives an accurate picture of what Serbia was in 1914 – Serbian doctors, together with Austro-Hungarian prisoners doctors treat both Serbian and Austro-Hungarian soldiers. On the other hand, Valjevo Hospital has an international dimension is significant as a unique example that carries a universal historical message – volunteered to help another unknown man to save his life. “
Dr Miroslav Perisic said that the idea of creating a memorial center in the area of today’s Historical Archives of Valjevo, a former district hospital, to have their full mission only if this is done together with other countries whose voluntary medical missions were part of Valjevo hospital.Dr Perisic said that with the director of the Austrian State Archives Dr. Wolfgang Madertanerom agreed on commencement of thorough research on the topic of Valjevo hospital, and plans to work with archives in other countries working on joint research, gathering documents from the archives and collections of family descendants volunteer medical missions.
After addressing a theater play performed dramatist Branislav Nedic “Valjevo Hospital” according to the third book of the novel “Time of death” Dobrica Cosic.
The opening of the conference was attended by His Holiness Serbian PatriarchIrinej, representatives of many embassies, including the ambassadors of the United States, Canada, France, the Netherlands, Palestine, Qatar, Morocco, Ukraine and Tunisia, Serbian Army Chief of Staff General Ljubisa Diković, representatives of the cities of Vienna and Budapest, Mayor of Valjevo, Stanko Terzic and other public figures .
On Saturday, 31 October, in the Conference Hall of Valjevo high school foreign and domestic scientists and researchers have presented more than 20 papers relating to the First World War, the role that it had Valjevo Hospital, as well as its importance in the history of Serbian Medical Corps . Special attention was paid to foreign medical missions and the doctors and nurses who worked at the hospital. The conference involved a large number of scientists from abroad, including the well-known specialist in the history of the First World War, Dr. Oleg Ajrapetov, professor of the Moscow State University Lomonosov, Dr. Svetozar Rajak, a professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and Dr. Vassili Kashirin, expert of the Russian Institute for Strategic Studies. From local experts presented papers were presented by: Dr. Mile Bjelajac, director of the Institute for Recent History of Serbia, prof. Dr. Alexander Nedok, prof. Jelica Novakovic Lopušina, professor of the Faculty of Philology in Belgrade, Ljubodrag P. Ristic, a senior research fellow Institute for Balkan Studies and a number of historians of medicine. Introductory speeches were presented by: Dr. Mile Bjelajac, Miroslav Perisic and Dr. Svetozar Rajak.
At the Conference, a documentary by Alan Cumming on the Scottish Women’s Hospital in Valjevo will also present and talk on “the work of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals in Serbia 1914-1915 with a focus on Valjevo”. A documentary video display by Slobodan Rakovića “Valjevo Hospital 1914-1915”.
The project was implemented on the initiative Dr. Miroslav Perisic, Dr. Svetozar Rajak, Dr. Zoran Jokic, Zeljko Jez and Dr. Elias Tripkovića.
The realization of the project enabled the Ministry of Culture and Information of the Republic of Serbia and the City of Valjevo.